After the initial characterization, it is possible to purify further some or all of the plasmid DNAs by RNase digestion and extraction with organic solvents. This further purified DNA is suitable for techniques such as DNA sequencing, subcloning or the production of gene probes. In order to purify plasmid DNA after the isolation process, any residual RNA and contaminating protein are removed. This purification step involves two main steps, which are, first, removing residual RNA by using RNase in order to digest RNA and, second, extract contaminating protein using organic solvents, phenol-chloroform.
Wednesday, February 10, 2010
Thursday, October 8, 2009
Ellman’s reagent has been widely used for the quantitation of thiols in peptides and proteins. It has also been used to assay disulfides present after blocking any free thiols (e.g., by carboxymethylation) and reducing the disulfides prior to reaction with the reagent. It is also commonly used to check the efficiency of conjugation of sulfhydryl- containing peptides to carrier proteins in the production of antibodies.
Thursday, September 24, 2009
This method is able to separate DNA fragments with the size of as small as 10 bp and up to 1 kb with the resolution of as little as 1 bp. While agarose gel electrophoresis is only able to separate DNA fragments with the bigger size that PAGE does or in the size range of 100 nucleotides to around 10 – 15 kb.
Sunday, September 20, 2009
You must have known that agarose gel electrophoresis is generally adequate for resolving nucleic acid fragments in the size range of 100 nucleotides to around 10-15 kb. But, for nucleic acid which its fragments below those range, it will be difficult to separate and hard to visualize because of diffusion within the gel matrix. These problems are solved by native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Using native PAGE, fragments as small as 10 bp and up to 1 kb can be separated with a resolution of as little as 1 bp.
Saturday, August 29, 2009
In the previous post, it had already explained about how to extract plasmid DNA by using alkaline lysis method. In this particular post, it will be explained the other method to extract plasmid DNA instead of using alkaline lysis method. It is Rapid Boiling method, an alternative to alkaline lysis method that was developed by Holmes and Quigley. Here, the cells are lysed partially allowing plasmids to escape, whereas the bacterial chromosomal DNA remains trapped in the cell debris. High temperature is then used to denature the chromosomal DNA, after which reannealing allows the plasmids to reassociate. Centrifugation removes the chromosomal DNA along with the cell debris, leaving the plasmid in suspension, from where it is recovered by isopropanol precipitation.