Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Purification of Plasmid DNA

After the initial characterization, it is possible to purify further some or all of the plasmid DNAs by RNase digestion and extraction with organic solvents. This further purified DNA is suitable for techniques such as DNA sequencing, subcloning or the production of gene probes. In order to purify plasmid DNA after the isolation process, any residual RNA and contaminating protein are removed. This purification step involves two main steps, which are, first, removing residual RNA by using RNase in order to digest RNA and, second, extract contaminating protein using organic solvents, phenol-chloroform.